عنوان مقاله [English]
As a part of a book), Wake’s “Narrative and Narratology” (pp. 14-28) has two approaches toward narrative theory: classical and postclassical. Under the former, Wake firstly makes a distinction between “story” and “plot”: “the story is translatable…, whilst plot appears to be text-specific.” Wake then makes mention of some main components of any narrative: time, point of view versus focalization, and the narrative communicative model included. Under the latter part, Wake reviews and examines briefly the way a narrative is related to: narrative levels, meta-story, postmodernism, critical theory, history, and feminism. However, Wake’s paper has some weak points too: a) a selective analysis of the history of narrative theory, b) an offer of purely unprocessed information c) no mention is made of the other main elements of narratology d) no mention of how narrative theory is related to other fields of study, and e) no mention of the new trends in narrative theory, including cognitive narratology, among others.